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Prayers to Our Lady

The Icon

Our Mother of Perpetual Succour is one of the titles given to the Blessed Virgin Mary, mother of Our Lord Jesus Christ. It is associated with a 14th century Byzantine icon representing the Mother of God holding the Divine Child while the Archangels Michael and Gabriel present before Him the instruments of His Passion. The original icon remains under the care of the Redemptorist Fathers at the Church of St. Alphonsus in Rome. Also known as Our Lady of Perpetual Help.


Prayer for Financial Aid


A copy of the prayer for financial aid was found in the Church of Our Lady of Dolours in Sydney, Australia. It is customary to pray such prayers for nine days (called a Novena), and to make the prayer known to others in accordance with the promise at the end of the prayer.


Short Prayer


There are many short prayers to Our Mother of Perpetual Succour, often found on holy cards.


The Icon: Our Lady's Face


Perpetual Help Virgin Mary Face


In the icon of Our Mother of Perpetual Succour, our Lady is calm and majestic. Her almond-shaped eyes set beneath thin dark eyebrows, her narrow nose, and her pursed lips present her face with beauty and solemnity. Yet her eyes, slightly closed, express ineffable sorrow and sympathy because she sees the suffering her son will endure, and the suffering of all people in the world.

Our Lady's eyes gaze out from the picture toward us, full of pleading. They profoundly penetrate the hearts of everyone who looks at her. She does not look at her son, but with a sad tenderness seems to be in dialogue with us, her adopted children. It is as if she is expressing compassion for us in our fears and our sorrows.


Long Prayer


A long prayer to Our Mother of Perpetual Succour is included in "The Raccolta", the Church's Manual of Prayers and Devotions enriched with Indulgences.


Hail Mary Prayer


Hail, Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.


The Icon: Our Lady's Colours


Perpetual Help Icon Colours

In the icon, our Lady's tunic is red, the colour worn by virgins at that time in history. Her mantle is dark blue, the colour worn by mothers in Palestine. These colours were chosen by the artist because Mary is both virgin and mother. In the byzantine world dark red was reserved for the empress alone. This indicates the Queenship of Mary.

The colour blue also brings to mind the sky and heaven. Red is for martyrdom, because all sacrifice requires some type of dying to oneself. The entire background is golden, also symbolic of heaven where Jesus and Mary are now enthroned. That gold radiates through their clothing, showing the heavenly joy they can bring to hearts.


The Icon: Star on Our Lady's Veil


Perpetual Succour Mary Star

In the center of the veil on our Lady's head is a star of eight golden, linear rays; next to it is a gold cross also in the form of a star. The gold of the painting and the figure of the Virgin seem to form the background from which the head of the child emerges. It is as if Mary is the dawn or the star that shows Christ to us. With true motherly love she helps us and guides us.

Mary is also the Star of the Sea (another of the titles given to the Blessed Virgin Mary) who brought the light of Christ into the darkness of this world. As the brightest star in the whole universe, our heavenly Queen constantly pleads our cause before God. She is our advocate because she intercedes for us with her powerful prayers. Like the star that led the Magi to Bethlehem, Mary is the star that leads us safely home to heaven.


The Icon: Our Lady's Hands



Mary Jesus Hands

The largest figure in the icon is Our Lady, but she is not the focal point of the painting. Rather, the center of our focus is where the hands of Mother and Son are joined. Her open right hand holds the hands of Jesus, and each of her fingers point toward him. Mary seems to be pointing out to us that her Son is Jesus Christ, the Son of God who offers his life for us all.

The Child, frightened at seeing the instruments of his passion, has thrown himself into his mother's arms. He clings tightly to Mary's hand, which has reached out to comfort him. Her left hand supports Christ firmly, speaking to us of the security we can find in devotion to the Mother of God. Mary leads us to Jesus, and Jesus can be found close to her.


The Icon: The Child Jesus


Perpetual Succour Child Jesus

The Child Jesus is seated on Our Lady's left arm. Within his halo radiates a cross. The child appears like a victim to be offered. His mother's presence reminds us that Mary stood at the foot of the Cross, not collapsed in pain, but strong and valiant.

The Child Jesus clearly holds his mother in the icon. He leans towards her, seeking to console her as well as be consoled by her.


The Icon: Archangel St. Michael


Archangel St Michael

On the left of Our Lady is the Archangel Saint Michael. He is presenting instruments of Christ's passion: the lance, the pole with a sponge, and a vessel of vinegar. Saint Bonaventure claimed that, to defend her children when they are dying, Mary sends Saint Michael the Archangel to them with his host of angels. She commands him to receive the souls of all who have constantly recommended themselves to her.


The Icon: Archangel St. Gabriel


Archangel St. Gabriel

On the right of Our Lady is the Archangel Saint Gabriel. He is holding a cross with three horizontal crossbeams and four nails at its foot. This vision of the Passion is what appears to have frightened the Child Jesus. St. Gabriel had once brought news of great joy to the Virgin at the Annunciation. Now he presents the symbols of the Passion.

Yet, St. Gabriel seems to be adoring the Child Jesus and offering him the symbols from his passion. Thus, those instruments do not really prophecy some terrible future event, but rather are glorious symbols of his resurrection: the cross of glory. All parts of the icon accentuate the reality of suffering. But at the same time there is an emphasis on the triumph of Jesus, depicted in part by the golden background. More than threats of destruction, the cross and nails are trophies of Christ's victory, as if they were taken from Calvary on Easter morning.


The Icon: Christ Child's Sandals


Perpetual Help Christ Child's Sandals

The icon shows the Christ Child's right foot nervously curled about his left ankle. Wishing to depict Jesus' anguish, the artist has painted the right sandal falling off his foot because he had run so fast to Our Lady. It allows us to see the sole of his foot - a sign that, although God, he is also human. It is also a sign that anyone who contemplates Christ's passion will receive redemption and "set foot" in his eternal inheritance.

In the last moments of his life, Jesus designated Mary to be the Mother of all believers: "Behold thy Mother" (John 19:27). Mary adopts us in order to bring us to Jesus. Mary calls all children who need a mother. She wants us to run to her, the most loving Mother there is. We all know how much a mother loves her children. Imagine the depth of Mary's love for her spiritual children! Mary is a fortress that can shield all those who run to her for protection.


The Icon: Christ Child's Hands


Perpetual Succour Jesus Hands

The Christ Child's hands clutch the right hand of Our Lady. This shows the trust we can place in our prayers to her. Christ's hands, pressed into Mary's, also remind us that, just as he placed himself entirely in her hands for protection, so now he places us in Mary's tender, loving care.


The Icon: Greek Letters


Perpetual Succour Icon Greek Letters  Perpetual Succour Icon Greek Letters 2  Perpetual Succour Icon Greek Letters 3

The Icon includes some faint Greek letters, which are abbreviated words for "Mother of God", "Jesus Christ", "Archangel St. Michael" and "Archangel St. Gabriel".


History


The original Miraculous Icon, painted on wood by an eastern artist, is more than 500 years old. Its documented history begins in 1495, when the image was highly reverenced in a church on the island of Crete. At that time it was already considered of great age, and was afforded every measure of devotion because of the number of favours granted to those who prayed before it.

At the end of the 15th century the Icon was brought from Crete to Rome. In 1499 the Icon was enshrined in St. Mathew's Church with members of the Augustinian Order as its guardian. According to a well documented tradition, Our Lady in a vision asked that it be placed in a church near the centre of the city. She also gave the picture its name: 'Mary of Perpetual Succour.' During the procession to the enshrinement in St. Mathews Church a man who had been paralyzed for some time was immediately cured when the Icon passed near the house in which he lay.

At this time the Miraculous Icon was known by various names: Our Lady of St. Mathew, Our Lady of Never-failing Help, Our Lady of Ever-enduring Succour, and Our Mother of Perpetual Help. Among Eastern Christians the Icon is often known as Our Lady of the Passion.

For the next 300 years this shrine was famous for favours and miracles , until Napoleon's invasion of Rome, when the church was destroyed in 1798 although the priests had time to save the Icon. It was temporarily held in the Church of St. Eusebius, and then hung in a side chapel at the Church of St. Mary of Posterula and all but forgotten for almost 70 years.

In 1853 Pope Pius IX requested that the Redemptorists establish a house in Rome, and they erected a new church on a property adjacent to the site where the Miraculous Icon had been enshrined at St. Mathews for 300 years. The Icon was providentially found and the Pope, who recalled praying before the miraculous image as a small boy, ordered it to be enshrined once more in the new Redemptorist Church of St. Alphonsus.

On 26 April 1866 the Icon was returned in triumph to Our Lady's chosen site at the Church of St. Alphonsus, and given to the care of the Redemptorists. During this translation two noteworthy cures took place: one was the healing of a boy who was seriously ill with meningitis, and the other miracle involve a young girl who received the use of her paralyzed leg.

Pope Pius IX requested: "Make the Mother of Perpetual Succour known to the whole world." On 23 June 1867 the Icon was crowned by the Vatican Chapter, and the ceremony was conducted by the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, indicative of the Icon's popularity among Eastern Rite Christians.

Devotion to Our Mother of Perpetual Succour has spread around the world, and numerous copies and versions of the Icon can be found on every continent, including 2,300 official facsimiles of the Icon from the Church of St. Alphonsus in Rome. Devotion is especially strong in the Philippines, although there are now many shrines to Our Mother of Perpetual Succour around the world, each with a copy of the Miraculous Icon.

Today the Miraculous Icon is still enthroned on an altar in the Church of St. Alphonsus in Rome. Address: The Church of Sant'Alfonso all'Esquilino, The International Shrine of Our Mother of Perpetual Help, Via Merulana, 31  00185 Rome, Italy. The ruins of the Church of St. Mathew are still to be found on the grounds of the Redemptorist monastery.

The Feast Day of Our Mother of Perpetual Succour is 27 June.


Print Image


An image of the original Icon of Our Mother of Perpetual Succour suitable for printing and framing or laminating for veneration is at this link:

Large Image for Printing


Links


Links to the Redemptorist Church of St. Alphonsus in Rome:

Homepage of the International Shrine of Our Mother of Perpetual Succour

Church of St. Alphonsus in Rome


Other Prayers to Our Lady


Link to Other Prayers and Images to Our Lady Posted by Our Mother of Perpetual Succour .Com


The Holy Rosary


Link to How to Pray the Holy Rosary


Crowned Icon


Following the crowning of the Icon in 1867 it is permissible to depict Our Lady and the Child Jesus with crowns in images of Our Mother of Perpetual Succour.

Perpetual Help Icon Crowned

Mother Perpetual Succour Crowned


Contact


mail@ourmotherofperpetualsuccour.com





Our Mother of

Perpetual Succour



Prayer for Financial Aid


Mary, our Mother, we know that you are our Perpetual Help, not only in our spiritual need but in our material need as well. With humble heart and childlike confidence we beg you to help us in our dire need, since we cannot meet our just debts. Dear Mother, we are not asking for wealth or prosperity, but merely for help in satisfying our pressing obligations.

You are the Queen of heaven and earth and as such, the dispenser of so many favours granted by your Son, Jesus. We know you are most kind and generous to all your devoted children. Loving Mother, we plead with you to obtain the financial help we so desperately need in our present situation. We thank you, dear Mother, and promise to make your Perpetual Help known far and wide. Amen.



Short Prayer

O almighty and merciful God, Who has given us for our veneration the Picture of Thy most Blessed Mother, under the special title of Perpetual Succour, graciously grant that amidst all the changes of our journey through life, we may be so defended by the continual protection of the same Immaculate ever-Virgin Mary, that we may deserve to obtain the rewards of They eternal Redemption, Who livest and reignest with God, the Father, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, world without end, Amen.

Mother of Perpetual Succour, pray for us (three times).


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Long Prayer

Behold, O Mother of Perpetual Help, at thy feet a wretched sinner, who has recourse to thee and trusts in thee. O Mother of mercy, have pity on me; I hear all men call thee the refuge and hope of sinners: be therefore my refuge and my hope. Help me for the love of Jesus Christ: hold out thy hand to a fallen wretch, who commends himself to thee and dedicates himself to be thy servant forever. I praise and thank God, who of His great mercy hath given me this confidence in thee, a sure pledge of my eternal salvation. Alas, it is only too true that in the past I have fallen miserably, because I did not come to thee. I know that with thy help I shall conquer; I know that thou wilt help me, if I commend myself to thee; but I am fearful lest in the occasions of sin I shall forget to call upon thee and so I shall be lost. This grace, then, do I ask of thee; for this I implore thee, as much as I can and know how to do; namely, that in the assaults of hell I may ever run to they protection and may say to thee: Mary, help me; Mother of Perpetual Help, permit me not to lose my God.

Hail Mary, three times.

O Mother of Perpetual Help, grant me ever to be able to call upon thy powerful name, since thy name is the help of the living and the salvation of the dying. Ah, Mary most pure, Mary most sweet, grant that thy name from this day forth may be to me the very breath of life. Dear Lady, delay not to come to my assistance whenever I call upon thee; for in all the temptations that assail me, in all the necessities that befall me, I will never leave off calling upon thee, ever repeating: Mary, Mary. What comfort, what sweetness, what confidence, what tenderness fills my soul at the sound of thy name, at the very thought of thee! I give thanks to our Lord, who for my sake hath given thee a name so sweet, so lovable, so mighty. But I am not content merely to speak thy name; I would utter it for very love of thee; it is my desire that love should ever remind me to name thee, Mother of Perpetual Help.

Hail Mary, three times.

O Mother of Perpetual Help, thou art the dispenser of every grace that God grants us in our misery; it is for this cause that He hath made thee so powerful, so rich, so kind, that thou mightest assist us in our miseries. Thou art the advocate of the most wretched and abandoned sinners, if they but come unto thee, come once more to my assistance, for I commend myself to thee. In thy hands I place my eternal salvation; to thee I entrust my soul. Enroll me among thy most faithful servants; take me under thy protection and it is enough for me: yes, for if thou protect me, I shall fear nothing; not my sins, for thou wilt obtain for me their pardon and remission; not the evil spirits, for thou art mightier than all the powers of hell; not even Jesus, my Judge, for He is appeased by a single prayer from thee. I fear only that through my own negligence I may foreget to recommend myself to thee and so I shall be lost. My dear Lady, obtain for me the forgiveness of my sins, love for Jesus, final preserverance and the grace to have recourse to thee at all times, O Mother of Perpetual Help.

Hail Mary, three times.

Amen.

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A Morning Prayer

M
ost holy and Immaculate Virgin and our Mother Mary, you are our Perpetual Help, our refuge and our hope. We come to you today. We thank God for all the graces received through your intercession. Mother of Perpetual Help, we promise to love you always and to do all we can to lead others to you. Confident of your powerful influence with God, obtain for us these graces: the strength to overcome temptation, a perfect love for Jesus Christ, and a holy death so that we will live with you and your Son for all eternity. Amen.

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Prayer to Our Lady's Name

O Mother of Perpetual Help, grant that I may ever invoke Thy most powerful name, which is the safeguard of the living and the salvation of the dying.

O Purest Mary, O Sweetest Mary, let Thy name henceforth be ever on my lips. Delay not, O Blessed Lady, to help me whenever I call on Thee, for, in all my needs, and in all my temptations I shall never cease to call on Thee, ever repeating Thy sacred name, Mary, Mary.

O what consolation, what sweetness, what confidence, what emotion fill my soul when I pronounce Thy sacred name, or even when I only think of Thee.

I thank  God for having given Thee, for my good, so sweet, so powerful, so lovely a name.

But I will not be content with merely pronouncing Thy name: let my love for Thee prompt me to ever hail Thee, Mother of Perpetual Help.

Hail Mary, nine times.

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Prayer as Loving Children

M
other of Perpetual Help, you have been blessed and favoured by God. We come to you today as your loving children. Watch over us and take care of us. As you held the child Jesus in your loving arms, so take us in your arms.
He who is mighty has done great things for you, and God's greatest fear is that, in time of temptation, we may fail to call out to you and become lost children. Intercede for us, dear Mother; in obtaining pardon for our sins, love for Jesus, final perseverance, and the grace always to call upon you, Mother of Perpetual Help.

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Prayer to Our Lady Star of the Sea
Our Lady Stella Maris

O
Mary, Star of the Sea, light every ocean, guide seafarers across all dark and stormy seas that they may reach the haven of peace and light prepared in Him who calmed the sea.

As we set forth upon the oceans of the world and cross the deserts of our time, show us, O Mary, the fruit of your womb, for without your Son we are lost.

Pray that we will never fail on life's journey, that in heart and mind, in word and deed, in days of turmoil and in days of calm, we will always look to Christ and say, "Who is this that even wind and sea obey him?"

Bright Star of the Sea, guide us!

Prayer by Pope John Paul II

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An Invocation


M
other of Perpetual Help, pray for us.

In Latin:

Mater de Perpetuo Succursu, ora pro nobis.

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Hymn

Mary, from thy sacred Image,
With those eyes so sadly sweet,
Mother of Perpetual Succour,
See us kneeling at thy feet.
In thy arms thy Child Thou bearest,
Source of all thy joy and woe;
What thy bliss, how deep thy sorrow,
Mother, Thou alone canst know.

On thy face He is not gazing,
Nor on us is turned His glance;
For His anxious look he fixes,
On the Cross and Reed and Lance.
To thy hand His hands are clinging,
As a child would cling in fear;
Of that vision of the torments,
Of His Passion drawing near.

And for Him thine eyes are pleading,
While to us they look and cry:
Sinners, spare my Child, your Saviour,
Seek not still to crucify.
Yes, we hear thy words, sweet Mother,
But poor sinners, we are weak:
At thy feet thy helpless children,
Thy Perpetual Succour seek.

Succour us when stormy passions,
Sudden rise within the heart;
Quell the tempest, calm the billows,
Peace secure to us impart.
Through this life of weary exile,
Succour us in every need;
And when death shall come to free us,
Succour us, ah! then indeed.
           

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Prayer for Spiritual Favours

O
Mother of Perpetual Succour, no one has ever called on Thee in vain! How often hast Thou helped me in my temporal needs; and wilt Thou refuse to aid me now, when I beg graces for my soul? Mother of Divine Grace, God gives us every grace through Thee. Through Thee He gave us Jesus, the Grace of graces and the God of grace; beg Him, sweet Mother, to be generous towards me.

O Gate of Heaven, through Whom God's graces pass, open in answer to my earnest prayer.

O Mary, House of Gold and Queen of Heaven, Thou dost dispense rich treasures at thy will, pity my poverty and misery of soul.

Help me to pray with greater fervour, faith and trust, that through thy powerful succour, I may at once obtain this grace from God.  Amen.

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Prayer to Saint Michael

S
aint Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle, be our protection against the wickedness and snares of the devil; may God rebuke him, we humbly pray; and do thou, O Prince of the heavenly host, by the power of God, thrust into hell Satan and all evil spirits who wander through the world for the ruin of souls.  Amen.

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Prayer to Saint Gabriel

O
Blessed Archangel Gabriel, we beseech thee, do thou intercede for us at the throne of divine Mercy in our present necessities, that as thou didst announce to Mary the mystery of the Incarnation, so through thy prayers and patronage in heaven we may obtain the benefits of the same, and sing the praise of God forever in the land of the living.  Amen.

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The Angelus

V. The Angel of the Lord declared unto Mary:
R. And she was conceived by the Holy Ghost.

Hail Mary

V. Behold the handmaid of the Lord:
R. Be it done to me according to Thy word.

Hail Mary

V. (Kneel) AND THE WORD WAS MADE FLESH:
R. And dwelt among us.

Hail Mary

V. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God:
R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

LET US PRAY:
Pour forth, we bessech Thee, O Lord, Thy grace into our hearts, that we to whom the Incarnation of Christ Thy Son, was made known by the message of an angel, may by His Passion and Cross to be brought to the glory of His Resurrection, through the same Christ our Lord.

Amen.
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Prayer for Temporal Needs


O
Mother of Perpetual Succour I humbly kneel before Thee, and with boundless confidence implore thy help. Thou knowest how hard it is to find all that is needed for myself and for my home. Ah, sweetest Mother, do not let me envy others, who seem to have all that they desire. Let the loving words of God console me: "The poor of this world hath God chosen, rich in faith". Make me rich in heavenly treasures: patience, faith, hope, courage, love. 

As for earthly goods, I ask only what is needed for the comfort of my home and for my family.

Oh dearest Mother, Thou didst know anxiety and poverty and want, come to my succour now. I leave it in thy gentle generous hands to help me in the way God judges best.  Amen.

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The Memorare
of Saint Bernard


Remember, O most gracious Virgin Mary, that never was it known that anyone who fled to thy protection, implored thy help or sought thy intercession, was left unaided.

Inspired by this confidence, I fly unto thee, O Virgin of virgins and Mother: To thee I come, before thee I stand, sinful and sorrowful; O Mother of the Word Incarnate, despise not my petitions, but in thy mercy hear and answer me.  Amen.

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Prayer for the Home

Mary, Queen of Heaven, be Thou Queen also of our home. Help us to love God and to avoid sin, that we may live in peace with one another. Succour us in every need and shield us from all harm to soul or body. Comfort us in our afflictions and may thy Rosary, daily recited in our home, be a sure pledge of thy heavenly patronage.  Amen.

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Prayer for One's Family

O
Mother of Perpetual Succour bless and keep my children, those at home and those far away. May they ever use their strength and youth for the purpose for which they were given, to struggle and overcome the difficulties and conflicts of this life. I know that now their hearts are pure but should a day come when a great temptation shall hover over one of them urging his hand to some crime against Thy Son, oh then, Dear Mother, remember my prayer, my heartfelt prayer, and aid and help that child of mine with God's grace; put light into his eyes that he may see clearly the precipice on the edge of which he trembles, and turn back to thy Divine Son.

Oh Sweet Mother, keep them pure and simple of heart, kind to the weak and suffering; but above all grant that they may ever love and serve thy Son and Thee faithfully. Help them in all their spiritual and temporal difficulties and lead them safely to the happiness of Heaven.  Amen.

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Prayer  for the Conversion of a Sinner


O
Mary, Mother of Perpetual Succour, Thou knowest so well the great value of an immortal soul. Thou knowest what it means, that every soul has been redeemed by the Blood of Thy Son; Thou wilt not, then, despise my prayer, if I ask from Thee the conversion of a sinner, nay a great sinner, who is rapidly hurrying on towards eternal ruin.

Thou, O good, merciful Mother, knowest  well his irregular life. Remember that Thou art the Refuge of Sinners, remember that God has given Thee power to bring about the conversion  of even the most wretched sinners. All that has been done for his soul is unsuccessful; if Thou dost not come to his assistance, he will go from bad to worse. Obtain for him so great a grace, that he may be moved and brought back to God and his duties. Send him, if necessary, temporal calamities and trials, that he may enter into himself and put an end to his sinful course.

Thou, O most merciful Mother, hast converted so many sinners at the intercession of their friends. Be, then, also moved by my prayer, and bring this unhappy soul to true conversion of heart. O Mother of Perpetual Succour, show that Thou art the Advocate and Refuge of Sinners. So I hope, so may it be.  Amen.

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Perpetual Help Icon History

Perpetual Succour Pope Pius IX

Church St Alphonsus Exterior Perpetual Succour

Church St Alphonsus Interior Perpetual Help  Perpetual Help Icon Altar



Restoration of the Icon


In 1990 it was discovered that the original icon was in a state of deterioration, and the wood and paint had suffered from environmental changes and prior attempts at restoration.

The General Government of the Redemptorists contracted with the Vatican Museum to undertake a general restoration to deal with cracks and fungus that threatened irreparable damage. The first part of the restoration consisted of X-rays, infra-red images, qualitative and quantitative analyses of the paint and ultra-violet tests. The results of these tests and a Carbon-14 test confirmed that the wood of the icon could safely be dated from the years 1325-1480.

The second stage of the restoration consisted of the physical work of filling the cracks and perforations in the wood, cleaning the paint and retouching the affected sections and strengthening the structure that sustains the icon. This physical intervention was limited to the absolute minimum because all restorative work provokes some trauma to the artifact.

Stained Glass


Perpetual Help Stained Glass   Icon Perpetual Help Stained Glass

Perpetual Succour Stained Glass Rose

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Special Acknowledgements

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the booklet "Meditative Novena, to Our Mother of Perpetual Help" (Liguori Publications, David Werthmann, 2004) for the commentary on the symbolism of the icon, and for the Morning Prayer. + Imprimatur Most Rev. Hermann, Aux. Bishop, Archdiocese of St. Louis.

Grateful acknowledgement also to the beautiful book "Miraculous Images of Our Lady" (Joan Carroll Cruz, Tan Books and Publishers, 1992) for the history. + Imprimatur Most Rev. Schulte, Archbishop of New Orleans.

And special thanks to an old novena booklet "Novena Shrine" (Redemptorist Fathers, Singapore, 1952) for history and most of the prayers to Our Mother of Perpetual Succour. + Imprimatur Most Rev. Olcomendy, Archbishop of Malacca-Singapore.